To be included in the Wilshire US REIT Index, an issue must be for a company that:
Is both an equity owner and operator of commercial and/or residential real estate. Businesses excluded from the Wilshire US REIT Index include: mortgage REITs, net-lease REITs, real estate finance companies, mortgage brokers and bankers, commercial and residential real estate brokers and estate agents, home builders, large land owners and sub-dividers of unimproved land, hybrid REITs, and timber REITs, as well as companies that have more than 25 percent (25%) of their assets in direct mortgage investments;
Has a minimum total market capitalization of at least $200 million at the time of its inclusion;
Has at least 75 percent (75%) of the company’s total revenue derived from the ownership and operation of real estate assets as determined by the Index Provider utilizing proprietary analysis of company financial statements and other public filings; and
Has liquidity of its stock commensurate with that of other institutionally-held real estate securities.
Periodic and ongoing reviews of the composition of the Wilshire US REIT Index and the number of shares outstanding of current and potential Index constituents are conducted based on the following rules:
Routine additions and deletions to the Wilshire US REIT Index, as well as share updates, are made quarterly after the close of trading on the third Friday of March, June, September, and December. The changes become effective at the opening of trading on the next business day;
During the quarter a component company’s shares outstanding will be adjusted whenever and at the same time as a change in that company is made in the Wilshire 5000;
Wilshire utilizes proprietary analysis of company financial statements and public filings to determine the percentage of mortgage investments that make up a REIT’s assets and to categorize a REIT as either an equity REIT, mortgage REIT or hybrid REIT (a REIT involved in both equity and mortgage REIT activities). A company will be removed from the Wilshire US REIT Index if direct mortgage investments represent more than 25 percent (25%) of the company’s assets for two consecutive quarters or if the company is reclassified as a mortgage or hybrid REIT; and
An equity REIT that elects to drop its REIT status and become taxed as a C corporation will be removed from the Wilshire US REIT Index.
A company will be removed from the Wilshire US REIT Index if:
If less than 50 percent (50%) of its total revenue is generated from the ownership and operation of real estate assets for two consecutive quarters, as determined by Wilshire through proprietary analysis of company financials statements and public filings.
Its stock becomes illiquid or has more than ten non-trading days during the previous quarter;
Its stock is delisted by its primary market due to failure to meet financial or regulatory requirements;
Its total market capitalization falls below $100 million and remains at that level for two consecutive quarters;
If a component company enters bankruptcy proceedings, it will be removed from the Wilshire US REIT Index and will remain ineligible for re-inclusion until it has emerged from bankruptcy. However, the Wilshire Index Oversight Committee may, following a review of the bankrupt company and the issues involved in the filing, decide to keep the company in the Wilshire US REIT Index;
The Wilshire Index Oversight Committee may, at its discretion and if it has determined a company to be in extreme financial distress, remove the company from the Wilshire US REIT Index if the committee deems the removal necessary to protect the integrity of the Index and interests of investors in products linked to the Index.
The Wilshire US REIT Index is weighted by float-adjusted market capitalization.
RISKS AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
Investors should consider the following risk factors and special considerations associated with investing in the Fund, which may cause you to lose money.
Investment Risk. An investment in the Fund is subject to investment risk, including the possible loss of the entire principal amount that you invest.
REIT Risk. Investments in securities of real estate companies involve risks. These risks include, among others, adverse changes in national, state or local real estate conditions (such as the turmoil experienced since 2007 in the residential and commercial real estate markets;) obsolescence of properties; changes in the availability, cost and terms of mortgage funds; and the impact of changes in environmental laws. In addition, a REIT that fails to comply with federal tax requirements affecting REITs may be subject to federal income taxation, or the federal tax requirement that a REIT distribute substantially all of its net income to its shareholders may result in a REIT having insufficient capital for future expenditures. The value of a REIT can depend on the structure of and cash flow generated by the REIT. In addition, like mutual funds, REITs have expenses, including advisory and administration fees, that are paid their shareholders. As a result, you will absorb duplicate levels of fees when the Fund invests in REITs. In addition, REITs are subject to certain provisions under federal tax law. The failure of a company to qualify as a REIT could have adverse consequences for the Fund, including significantly reducing return to the Fund on its investment in such company. REITs are subject to special U.S. federal tax requirements. A REIT that fails to comply with such tax requirements may be subject to U.S. federal income taxation, which may affect the value of the REIT and the characterization of the REIT’s distributions. The U.S. federal tax requirement that a REIT distribute substantially all of its net income to its shareholders may result in a REIT having insufficient capital for future expenditures.
Concentration Risk. Real estate companies may lack diversification due to ownership of a limited number of properties and concentration in a particular geographic region or property type.
Interest Rate Risk. Rising interest rates could result in higher costs of capital for real estate companies, which could negatively impact a real estate company’s ability to meet its payment obligations.
Leverage Risk. Real estate companies may use leverage (and some may be highly leveraged), which increases investment risk and the risks normally associated with debt financing and could adversely affect a real estate company’s operations and market value in periods of rising interest rates. Financial covenants related to a real estate company’s leveraging may affect the ability of the real estate company to operate effectively. In addition, real property may be subject to the quality of credit extended and defaults by borrowers and tenants. If the properties do not generate sufficient income to meet operating expenses, including, where applicable, debt service, ground lease payments, tenant improvements, third-party leasing commissions and other capital expenditures, the income and ability of a real estate company to make payments of any interest and principal on its debt securities will be adversely affected. These risks are especially applicable in conditions of declining real estate values, such as those experienced since 2007.
Liquidity Risk. Real estate is relatively illiquid and, therefore, a real estate company may have a limited ability to vary or liquidate properties in response to changes in economic or other conditions. These risks are especially applicable in conditions of declining real estate values, such as those experienced since 2007.
Management Risk. Real estate companies are dependent upon management skills and may have limited financial resources. Real estate companies are generally not diversified and may be subject to heavy cash flow dependency, default by borrowers and self-liquidation. In addition, transactions between real estate companies and their affiliates may be subject to conflicts of interest, which may adversely affect a real estate company’s shareholders. A real estate company may also have joint venture investments in certain of its properties and, consequently, its ability to control decisions relating to such properties may be limited.
Property Risk. Real estate companies may be subject to risks relating to functional obsolescence or reduced desirability of properties; extended vacancies due to economic conditions and tenant bankruptcies; catastrophic events such as earthquakes, hurricanes and terrorist acts; and casualty or condemnation losses. Real estate income and values also may be greatly affected by demographic trends, such as population shifts or changing tastes and values, or increasing vacancies or declining rents resulting from legal, cultural, technological, global or local economic developments.
Regulatory Risk. Real estate income and values may be adversely affected by such factors as applicable domestic and foreign laws (including tax laws). Government actions, such as tax increases, zoning law changes or environmental regulations, also may have a major impact on real estate.
Repayment Risk. The prices of real estate company securities may drop because of the failure of borrowers to repay their loans, poor management, and the inability to obtain financing either on favorable terms or at all. If the properties do not generate sufficient income to meet operating expenses, including, where applicable, debt service, ground lease payments, tenant improvements, third-party leasing commissions and other capital expenditures, the income and ability of the real estate company to make payments of interest and principal on their loans will be adversely affected. Many real estate companies utilize leverage, which increases investment risk and could adversely affect a company’s operations and market value in periods of rising interest rates.
Small- and Medium- Sized Company Risk. Investing in real estate companies may involve risks similar to those associated with investing in small or medium-sized capitalization companies. Investing in securities of small- and medium-sized companies involves greater risk than is customarily associated with investing in more established companies. These companies’ securities may be more volatile and less liquid than those of more established companies. These securities may have returns that vary, sometimes significantly, from the overall stock market.
Micro-cap Company Risk. Micro-cap companies involve substantially greater risks of loss and price fluctuations because their earnings and revenues tend to be less predictable (and some companies may be experiencing significant losses), and their share prices tend to be more volatile and their markets less liquid than companies with larger market capitalizations. Micro-cap companies may be newly formed or in the early stages of development, with limited product lines, markets or financial resources and may lack management depth. In addition, there may be less public information available about these companies. The shares of micro-cap companies tend to trade less frequently than those of larger, more established companies, which can adversely affect the pricing of these securities and the future ability to sell these securities. Also, it may take a long time before the Fund realizes a gain, if any, on an investment in a micro-cap company.
Non-Correlation Risk. The Fund’s return may not match the return of the Index for a number of reasons. For example, the Fund incurs a number of operating expenses not applicable to the Index, and incurs costs in buying and selling securities, especially when rebalancing the Fund’s securities holdings to reflect changes in the composition of the Index.
The Fund may not be fully invested at times, either as a result of cash flows into the Fund or reserves of cash held by the Fund to meet redemptions and expenses. If the Fund utilizes a sampling approach or otherwise holds investments other than those that comprise the Index, its return may not correlate as well with the return on the Index, as would be the case if it purchased all of the stocks in the Index with the same weightings as the Index.
Replication Management Risk. Unlike many investment companies, the Fund is not “actively” managed. Therefore, it would not necessarily sell a security because the security’s issuer was in financial trouble unless that security is removed from the Index.
Issuer-Specific Changes. The value of an individual security or particular type of security can be more volatile than the market as a whole and can perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. The value of securities of smaller issuers can be more volatile than that of larger issuers.
Non-Diversified Fund Risk. The Fund is considered non-diversified and can invest a greater portion of assets in securities of individual issuers than a diversified fund. As a result, changes in the market value of a single investment could cause greater fluctuations in share price than would occur in a diversified fund.
The Fund’s Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund has not been guaranteed, sponsored, recommended, or approved by the United States, or any agency, instrumentality or officer of the United States, has not been insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and is not guaranteed by and is not otherwise an obligation of any bank or insured depository institution.
As with any investment, you should consider how your investment will be taxed. The tax information contained in the prospectus is provided as general information. Investors should consult their own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment as Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, does not offer tax advice.
The Trust will issue and redeem Shares at NAV only in a large specified number of Shares called a “Creation Unit” or multiples thereof. A Creation Unit consists of 50,000 Shares. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities of the Fund. Individual Shares of the Fund may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Shares of the Fund will be listed for trading on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (“NYSE Arca”) and because Shares will trade at market prices rather than NAV, Shares of the Fund may trade at a price greater than or less than NAV.
Investors buying or selling ETF shares on the secondary market may incur brokerage costs and other transactional fees. Shares of ETFs may fluctuate in price due to daily changes in trading volume. At times, shares may not have a high volume of trading.
Wilshire®, the Wilshire IndexesSM, Wilshire US Real Estate Investment Trust IndexSM and Wilshire 5000 Total Market IndexSM are service marks of Wilshire Associates Incorporated (“Wilshire”) and have been licensed for use by Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors, LLC. All content of the Wilshire IndexesSM, Wilshire US Real Estate Investment Trust IndexSM and Wilshire 5000 Total Market IndexSM is ©2016 Wilshire Associates Incorporated, all rights reserved. The ETF is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by Wilshire, and Wilshire makes no representations or warranties with respect to the ETF.