The Index tracks the performance of companies in Frontier Markets. The Frontier Market countries are Argentina, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Romania, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Ukraine, Vietnam and Zambia. The universe of potential constituents includes all liquid ADRs, GDRs and ordinary shares which meet certain criteria with respect to trading volume, market capitalization and price.
The Index consists of all ADRs, GDRs and local securities of companies from Argentina, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Romania, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Ukraine, Vietnam and Zambia that meet the following criteria:
Minimum 10 days traded in each month for the previous 3 months and average daily volume greater than or equal to $500,000. The inclusion of an ADR or GDR in the Index based on local share liquidity will be determined on a case-by-case basis and the local share volume must pass the same minimum requirements as the ADR or GDR.
Free-float adjusted market capitalization greater than or equal to $250 million.
To improve the investability of the Index and avoid adverse tax consequences for investors, passive foreign investment companies are excluded based on the best information available.
The Index’s administrator, subject to periodic review by a policy steering committee known as the BNY Mellon ADR Index Committee, performs a quarterly review of the Index methodology. Any changes to the methodology will be publicly disclosed prior to implementation of the change.
The Index is weighted based on a modified capitalization method, using a formula based upon the aggregate of prices times share quantities. The aggregate weight of all components within each country will be capped at 10% of the total Index weight with the exception of Argentina, Kuwait and Nigeria, which will be capped at 15%. The number of shares used in the Index calculation generally represents the entire class(es) or series of shares, adjusted for free-float, that trade in the local market and also trade in the form of depositary receipts in the United States and the United Kingdom, New York Shares, Global Registered Shares, or ordinary shares. Adjustments are made to ensure that no single security exceeds 10% of the Index and, with respect to the bottom 40% of the Index weight, that no single security represents more than 4.5% of the Index.
The Index is adjusted for changes in shares and float that may affect the weighting of constituents generally on a quarterly basis.
RISKS AND OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
Investors should consider the following risk factors and special considerations associated with investing in the fund, which may cause you to lose money, including the entire principal amount that you invest.
Equity Risk: The value of the equity securities held by the fund will fall due to general market and economic conditions, perceptions regarding the industries in which the issuers of securities held by the fund participate, or factors relating to specific companies in which the fund invests.
Foreign Investment Risk: The fund’s investments in non-U.S. issuers may involve unique risks compared to investing in securities of U.S. issuers, including greater market volatility than U.S. securities and less complete financial information than for U.S. issuers. In addition, adverse political, economic or social developments could undermine the value of the fund’s investments or prevent the fund from realizing the full value of its investments.
Risks of Investing in Frontier securities: Frontier Market countries are emerging market countries. Investment in securities in emerging market countries involves risks not associated with investments in securities in developed countries, including risks associated with expropriation and/or nationalization, political or social instability, armed conflict, the impact on the economy as a result of civil war, religious or ethnic unrest and the withdrawal or non-renewal of any license enabling the fund to trade in securities of a particular country, confiscatory taxation, restrictions on transfers of assets, lack of uniform accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards, less publicly available financial and other information, diplomatic development which could affect U.S. investments in those countries and potential difficulties in enforcing contractual obligations. Frontier countries generally have smaller economies or less developed capital markets than traditional emerging markets, and, as a result, the risks of investing in emerging market countries are magnified in frontier countries.
Political Risk: Certain of the frontier countries may be subject to a greater degree of political and social instability than is the case in more developed countries.
Licensing, Custody and settlement Risk: Approval of governmental authorities may be required prior to investing in the securities of companies based in certain frontier countries. Delays in obtaining such an approval would delay investments in the particular country. Certain banks in foreign countries that are eligible foreign sub-custodians may lack extensive operating experience, and there may be legal restrictions or limitations on the ability of the fund to recover assets held in custody by a foreign sub-custodian in the event of the bankruptcy of the sub-custodian. Because settlement systems may be less well organized than in developed markets, there may be a risk of delayed settlements and that cash or securities of the fund may be in jeopardy because of failures of or defects in the systems.
Financial Services Sector Risk: The financial services industries are subject to extensive government regulation, can be subject to relatively rapid change due to increasingly blurred distinctions between service segments, and can be significantly affected by availability and cost of capital funds, changes in interest rates, the rate of corporate and consumer debt defaults, and price competition. In addition, the deterioration of the credit markets since late 2007 generally has caused an adverse impact in a broad range of markets, including U.S. and international credit and interbank money markets generally, thereby affecting a wide range of financial institutions and markets.
Small- and Medium-Sized Company Risk: Investing in securities of small and medium-sized companies involves greater risk than is customarily associated with investing in more established companies.
Micro-Cap Company Risk: Micro-cap securities involve substantially greater risks of loss and price fluctuations because their earnings and revenues tend to be less predictable (and some companies may be experiencing significant losses), and their share prices tend to be more volatile and their markets less liquid than companies with larger market capitalizations. In addition the fund is subject to Non-Correlation Risk, Replication Management Risk, Issuer-Specific Changes and Non-Diversified fund Risk.
The Fund’s Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund has not been guaranteed, sponsored, recommended, or approved by the United States, or any agency, instrumentality or officer of the United States, has not been insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and is not guaranteed by and is not otherwise an obligation of any bank or insured depository institution.
As with any investment, you should consider how your investment will be taxed. The tax information contained in the prospectus is provided as general information. Investors should consult their own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment as Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, does not offer tax advice.
The Fund will issue and redeem Shares at NAV only in a large specified number of Shares called a “Creation Unit” or multiples thereof. A Creation Unit consists of 50,000 Shares. The Fund generally issues and redeems Creation Units principally in-kind. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Shares are not redeemable securities of the Fund. Individual Shares of the Fund may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Shares of the Fund are listed for trading on NYSE Arca and because Shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, Shares of the Fund may trade at a price greater than or less than NAV.
Investors buying or selling ETF shares on the secondary market may incur brokerage costs and other transactional fees. Shares of ETFs may fluctuate in price due to daily changes in trading volume. At times, shares may not have a high volume of trading.
“BNY Mellon” and “The Bank of New York Mellon New Frontier Index” are service marks of The Bank of NewYork Corporation (the “Bank”) and have been licensed for use for certain purposes by the Investment Adviser.
The Guggenheim Frontier Markets ETF and its Shares are not sponsored, endorsed, sold, recommended or promoted by the Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates, and none of the Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates makes any representation or warranty, express or implied, to the shareholders of the Fund or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in financial products generally or in the Fund particularly, the ability of The Bank of New York Mellon New Frontier DR Index to track market performance or the suitability or appropriateness of the Fund for shareholders of the Fund or such member of the public.The relationship between the Bank, on one hand, and Guggenheim Funds, on the other, is limited to the licensing of certain trademarks, trade names and the Index, which is determined, composed and calculated by the Bank or its agent without regard to Guggenheim Funds or the Fund. Neither the Bank nor any of its subsidiaries or affiliates has any obligation to take the needs of Guggenheim Funds or the shareholders of the Fund into consideration in determining, composing or calculating The Bank of New York Mellon New Frontier DR Index. Neither the Bank nor any of its subsidiaries or affiliates is responsible for, or has participated in, the determination of the timing of, prices at, or quantities of the products to be issued or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which the Fund is to be converted into cash. Neither the Bank nor any of its subsidiaries or affiliates has any obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of the Fund.
None of the Investment Adviser, the Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates guarantees the accuracy or completeness of the Index or any data included therein, and none of the Investment Adviser, the Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates shall have any liability for any errors, omissions or interruptions therein. None of the Investment Adviser, the Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates makes any warranty, express or implied, as to results to be obtained by the Fund, owners of the Shares of the Fund or any other person or entity from the use of the Index or any data included therein. None of the Investment Adviser, the Bank nor any of its subsidiaries or affiliates makes any express or implied warranties, and expressly disclaims all warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose or use with respect to the Index or any data included therein.Without limiting any of the foregoing, in no event shall the Investment Adviser, the Bank or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates have any liability for any special, punitive, direct, indirect or consequential damages (including, without limitation, lost profits) arising out of matters relating to the use of the Index, even if notified of the possibility of such damages.